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Both American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) roots are taken orally as adaptogens, aphrodisiacs, nourishing stimulants, and in the treatment of type II diabetes, as well as for sexual dysfunction in men...
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The combination of American Ginseng and Astragalus may increase the aggressive energy and defensive energy of the body.
Astragalus products are commonly taken during the cold and flu season.
Ginseng is known in the orient as the “king of herbs” since it is the most powerful adaptogenic herb which brings the body into balance.
A decoction of ½ oz. of the root, boiled in tea or soup and taken every morning, is commonly held a remedy for consumption and other diseases.
In Western medicine, it is considered a mild stomachic tonic and stimulant, useful in loss of appetite and in digestive affections that arise from mental and nervous exhaustion.'
Ginseng Ginseng root in market in Korea
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Tienchi Ginseng is a key dietary support to optimize circulation and to enhance defense system balance.
Widely used by Chinese doctors who are known to hail Tienchi Ginseng as the 'Miracle Root for Preservation of Health,' and because of its isotonic properties, botanists have classified it as an adaptogen.
Scientists have found Tienchi to contain two important constituents: saponins and flavonoids. Saponins, the primary active substance of ginseng, are known as ginsenosides, of which there are many.
Flavonoids, or bioflavonoids, play a major role in nutrition.
While most ginsengs are deemed to be either yin or yang in action, Tienchi is considered to be neutral.
Ginseng Harvested in Germany
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American Ginseng is a traditional vitality herb used by the Native Americans.
It has many properties similar to the popular herb Korean Ginseng.
Product Q&A Q. Is American Ginseng the most effective type of Ginseng for an athlete? A. No. Korean White Ginseng has a higher percentage of Central Nervous System stimulating ginsenosides than does American Ginseng. This leads one to conclude it would be more effective than American Ginseng.
Q. Does American Ginseng disrupt sleep? A. American Ginseng is an adaptogenic herb and can act as a stimulant or as a depressant. American Ginseng, according to the Chinese is a cooling herb and will have more of a tendency to calm the Central Nervous System than its relative, Korean White Ginseng.
FUNCTIONS Tonifies qi, harmonizes stomach, strengthens spleen, and dispels moisture.
INDICATIONS Traditional: Affliction by wind and cold in those with gastrointestinal weakness or injury caused by excessive eating of raw and cold food; marked by food stagnancy in the stomach, fever and chills resembling malaria, sensations of heavy- headedness and dizziness, and spasms in arms and legs.
Dampness and heat in deficient persons or the elderly; marked by anorexia.
Parasitic worms in children who have alternating fever and chills.
Modern: Common cold accompanied by gastrointestinal weakness, alimentary disorders occurring when acclimatizing to a new environment, malaria, parasitic worms in children, and indigestion.
Ginseng Red Ginseng
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The 1997 Commission E on Phytotherapy and Herbal Substances of the German Federal Institute for Drugs recommends Eleuthero root 'As tonic for invigoration and fortification in times of fatigue and debility or declining capacity for work and concentration, also during convalescence.
Contraindications: High blood pressure.'
'Daily dosage: 2 - 3 g of root; equivalent preparations.
Mode of Administration: Powdered or cut root for teas, as well as aqueous-alcoholic extracts for internal use.
Duration of Administration: Generally up to 3 months.
A repeated course is feasible.'
'Actions: In various stress models, e.g., immobilization test and coldness test, the endurance of rodents was enhanced.
With healthy volunteers, the lymphocyte count, especially that of T-lymphocytes, increased following intake of fluidextracts.'
'Siberian ginseng' is actually not ginseng per se, but has very similar properties and is therefore used in the same way as ginseng.
Eleuthero is a proven stress fighter.
Taking the herb has been shown to boost the body's capacity to handle stresses ranging from heat exposure to extreme exertion.
Eleuthero also has been shown to boost disease resistance and overall energy level.
In a remarkable series of Russian studies in the 1960s, 100 healthy adults, ages 19 to 72, given Eleuthero, increased their ability to perform physical labor, withstand motion sickness, and work with speed and precision despite being surrounded by noise. They could also proofread documents more accurately than those who had not been given Eleuthero, and more readily adapted heat, high altitudes, and low-oxygen environments.
Eleuthero's eleutherosides and complex polysaccharides (complex sugar molecules) function as an adaptogen.
Eleuthero optimizes the adrenal secretion of stress-fighting hormones.
Eleuthero has been shown to enhance mental acuity and physical endurance without the let down that comes with caffeinated products.
There is little doubt that Eleuthero can heighten mental alertness and improve concentration.
It may be helpful in the early stages of Alzheimer's.
Eleuthero has been shown to improve the muscular use of oxygen, enabling longer aerobic exercise and quicker recovery.
It can relieve chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia.
Chinese herbal tradition has Eleuthero as a defense against colds and flu.
A recent Russian study of 13,000 auto workers given Eleuthero one winter showed that participants developed 40% fewer respiratory tract infections than they had in previous winters.
Eleuthero also helps the liver detoxify harmful toxins.
Animal studies have shown hepatoprotective action against chemotherapeutic agents, ethanol, sodium barbital, and tetanus toxoid.
Russia studies have confirmed that the use of eleuthero for people undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer alleviates side effects and helps bone marrow recover more quickly.
Ginseng Ginseng and Reishi in market in Korea
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Used as a tea, decoction, extract, tincture, food additive and supplement.
Chinese Ren Shen, 'root of heaven,' Panax ginseng, Asian ginseng, is native to Manchuria and Korea and is cultivated in China, Korea and Japan.
The ginseng plant requires 5-7 years to mature from seed.
Ginseng has a sweetly aromatic flavour.
Its root has long been regarded by the Chinese as a panacea for illness, though it was usually used by them in a prophylactic (preventive) rather than a curative manner.
Many Native American tribes used American ginseng, Panax quinquefolia.
Medicinal uses ranged from digestive disorders to sexual problems.
The Chinese began to use American ginseng after it was imported during the 1700s.
The traditional applications in China are somewhat different from those for Panax ginseng (Asian ginseng), American ginseng being considered a better stomachic.
The type and ratio of ginsenosides are somewhat different in American and Asian ginseng, but not radically different.
Pharmacologically, ginseng is nonspecific in its effects and is capable of a normalizing action irrespective of the pathological situation.
Ginseng's ginsenosides are believed to increase energy, counter the effects of stress, and enhance intellectual and physical performance.
Thirteen ginsenosides have been identified in Asian ginseng. Ginsenosides Rgl and Rbl have received the most attention. Other constituents include the panaxans, which help lower blood sugar, and the polysaccharides (complex sugar molecules), which support immune function.
Numerous double-blind studies have confirmed Chinese tradition, objectively demonstrating Asian ginseng's ability to lower blood sugar, reduce fatigue and stress, and support the normal function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, the hormonal stress system of the body.
Ginseng's support of the brain's production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) appears to improve mental performance, learning, and memory and sensory awareness, exactly as Chinese tradition has always maintained.
The 1997 Commission E on Phytotherapy and Herbal Substances of the German Federal Institute for Drugs, reflecting the opinion of modern scientific herbalism, recommends Ginseng root [Panax ginseng] 'As tonic for invigoration and fortification in times of fatigue and debility, for declining capacity for work and concentration, also during convalescence.'
'Daily dosage: 1 - 2 g of root; equivalent preparations.
Mode of Administration: Cut root for teas, powder and galenical preparations for internal use.
Duration of Administration: Generally up to 3 months.
A repeated course is feasible.'
'In China, both varieties [Asian Panax ginseng & American Panax quinquefolia] are used particularly for dyspepsia, vomiting and nervous disorders....
Ginseng In market in Seoul
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The Chinese, who have one of the longest life expectancies of any of the world's cultures, have used ginseng root for more than 5,000 years to promote good health.
Directions: For a Perfect Cup of Tea, Bring fresh, cold water to a boil. Pour over a bag of Ginseng and steep 4-5 minutes to desired strength. Squeeze bag gently and remove. Hot or iced, this is a sublime thirst quencher.
American Ginseng is similar to its Asian cousin, Korean Ginseng.
Both varieties are considered true Panax Ginseng types.
It was introduced to early American settlers by Native Americans and soon became a major export commodity to the Far East.
American Ginseng is derived from 4 to 5 year-old high quality cultivated Wisconsin ginseng roots and are especially high in ginsenosides (5% minimum), the active measurable components in ginseng.
Ginseng Ginseng Field in Wisconsin
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American Ginseng is cool! Health, according to the Chinese philosophy, is maintained by balancing opposites called 'Yin' and 'Yang'.
American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) is characterized as yin - cooling, soothing and restoring.
Thus traditionally believed to be ideal for those who are constitutionally yang or hot - the active, agitated, and stressed.
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American Ginseng (Panax Quinquefolium) is considered and adaptogen and general tonic that may be helpful for stress; fatigue; immune system strength; lowering cholesterol; depression; stamina; protect cells from radiation; CNS stimulant; regulates adrenal glands; nervous exhaustion; gastrointestinal motility and improve physical performance.
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The two main components of ginseng are claimed to be in different proportions in the Asian and American varieties, and are speculated to be the cause of the excitatory versus tonic natures.
The root is most often available in dried form, either whole or sliced. Ginseng leaf, although not as highly prized, is sometimes also used; as with the root, it is most often available in dried form.
This ingredient may also be found in some popular energy drinks, often the "tea" varieties; in these products, ginseng is usually present in subclinical doses and does not have measurable medicinal effects.
Ginseng is any one of eleven distinct species of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, belonging to the Panax genus in the family Araliaceae. It grows in the Northern Hemisphere in eastern Asia (mostly northern China, Korea, and eastern Siberia), typically in cooler climates; Panax vietnamensis, discovered in Vietnam, is the southernmost ginseng found. This article focuses on the Series Panax ginsengs, which are the adaptogenic herbs, principally Panax ginseng and P. quinquefolius. Ginseng is characterized by the presence of ginsenosides.
Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) is not a true ginseng, but a different plant that was renamed as "Siberian ginseng" as a marketing ploy; instead of a fleshy root, it has a woody root, and instead of ginsenosides, eleutherosides are the active compound. Eleutherosides are classified as another adaptogen.
Modern science and ginseng
Herbal companies who follow Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) regularly test for the quality, potency, and species authentication of herbs using cross-sectional microscopic examination, thin layer chromatography, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). One study found HPLC is especially useful in the differentiation and authentication of Panax ginseng from Panax quinquefolius due to the unambiguous distinction of slightly varying isotypes of ginsenocide compounds.
Ginseng is noted for being an adaptogen (a product that increases the body's resistance to stress), one which can, to a certain extent, be supported with reference to its anticarcinogenic and antioxidant properties.
Many studies have been done with varying results using only ginseng extracts. However, when ginseng is used in combination with other traditional Chinese herbs, the synergistic effects had many more definitive and positive results. For example, Si Jun Zi Tang, a very popular traditional Chinese formula, the main ingredient of which is ginseng, has been shown in multiple studies to have radioprotective effects, preventing a decrease in the hematocrit during radiotherapy.
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), similar to Panax ginseng in that they both contain the active component ginsenosides, is distinguished in traditional Chinese medicine theory by having a cold property while the property of ginseng is warm. Japanese ginseng, though the same species as ginseng, is thought to have cooling properties similar to American ginseng due to the difference in cultivation environment. (cite M5050) American ginseng has been shown in various studies to have a beneficial effect for diabetes in the regulation of blood sugar levels.
A recent study at the University of Hong Kong has identified ginseng to have anti-inflammatory effects. The study found of the nine ginsenosides they identified, seven could selectively inhibit expression of the inflammatory gene CXCL-10.
A randomized, double-blind pilot study noted P. ginseng appeared to reduce fatigue in cancer patients.
Use with other medications
Although generally well tolerated, caution is advised when consuming ginseng along with over-the-counter or prescription drugs.
The common adaptogen ginsengs (P. ginseng and P. quinquefolia) are generally considered to be relatively safe even in large amounts. One of the most common and characteristic symptoms of acute overdose of Panax ginseng is bleeding. Symptoms of mild overdose with Panax ginseng may include dry mouth and lips, excitation, fidgeting, irritability, tremor, palpitations, blurred vision, headache, insomnia, increased body temperature, increased blood pressure, edema, decreased appetite, increased sexual desire, dizziness, itching, eczema, early morning diarrhea, bleeding, and fatigue.
Symptoms of gross overdose with Panax ginseng may include nausea, vomiting, irritability, restlessness, urinary and bowel incontinence, fever, increased blood pressure, increased respiration, decreased sensitivity and reaction to light, decreased heart rate, cyanotic facial complexion, red face, seizures, convulsions, and delirium.
It is possible to treat an overdose with an herbal decoction of 120 grams of gan cao (Radix glycrrhizae). However, patients experiencing any of the above symptoms are advised to discontinue the herbs and seek any necessary symptomatic treatment.
P. quinquefolius American ginseng (root)
- The ginseng is traditionally sliced and a few slices are simmered in hot water to make a decoction.
- A randomized, double-blind study showed that an extract of American ginseng reduced influenza cases in the elderly when compared to placebo.
The aromatic root resembles a small parsnip that forks as it matures. The plant grows 6 to 18 inches tall, usually bearing three leaves, each with three to five leaflets two to five inches long.
Panax ginseng Asian ginseng (root)
According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, Panax ginseng promotes yang energy, improves circulation, increases blood supply, revitalizes and aids recovery from weakness after illness, and stimulates the body. It is available in four forms:
- The form called fresh ginseng is the raw product.
Red ginseng (Korean:홍삼 (hong-sam), simplified Chinese: 红参; traditional Chinese: 紅蔘), is Panax ginseng that has been heated, either through steaming or sun-drying. It is frequently marinated in an herbal brew which results in the root becoming extremely brittle. This version of ginseng is traditionally associated with stimulating sexual function and increasing energy. Red ginseng is always produced from cultivated roots, generally from Korea.
In 2002, a preliminary double-blind, crossover study of Korean red ginseng's effects on impotence reported that it can be an effective alternative for treating male erectile dysfunction.
Another study reported red ginseng reduced the relapse of gastric cancer versus control.
A study of ginseng's effects on rats found that while both white ginseng and red ginseng appear to reduce the incidence of cancer, the effects appear to be greater with red ginseng.
A study by Sung H, Jung YS, Cho YK. showed potentially beneficial effects of a combination of Korean red ginseng and highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients.
Falcarinol, a seventeen-carbon diyne fatty alcohol was isolated from carrot and red ginseng, and was thought to have potent anticancer properties on primary mammary epithelial (breast cancer) cells. Other acetylenic fatty alcohols in ginseng (panaxacol, panaxydol and panaxytriol) have antibiotic properties. *
* Read an article in Wikipedia with references and links Feb 6, 2011
Read an article in Wikipedia with references and links June 13, 2012
There are many different kinds of ginseng and they have notably different uses.
Korean Ginseng is revered in the Orient for centuries as a traditional herb to promote vitality.
Korean Ginseng Root is especially popular among people leading an active and demanding lifestyle.
Mother believes in the use of ginseng and she uses them all the varieties of ginseng for different things at separate times.
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